Black-chinned Hummingbird(Archilochus alexandri)
Greek derivation meaning "chief brigand" (from archos for "chief",
lochos for "ambush, or a company of men") perhaps because, as a
thief takes something, it takes pollen from
Alexander Hummingbird, Sponge Hummer; Spanish – terciopelo barbanegro, chupaflor barbinegro
Class: Aves; Order: Apodiformes; family: Trochilidae.
Key Identification Characters:
Adult male with black chin bordered below by iridescent purple gorget; white collar below gorget; female with green upper parts, whitish throat; rounded tail with white-tipped feathers (female not distinguishable in field from female Ruby-throated Hummingbird which is occasionally seen in areas occupied by Black-chinned Hummingbirds). Length, 3.75"; wingspan, 4.75".
Western North America southward to western Mexico.
Flower nectar and insects.
Number of eggs/clutch: 2; egg: white; 0.50" x 0.35"; nesting: generally within 10' of ground on fork of tree limb; nest made of plant fibers and spider webs.
Contributor: Scott M. Cutler, Curator of Collections and Exhibits; Curator of Ornithology